Pakistan Railways

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Achievements and Plans

  1. Doubling of Track from Lodhran to Khanewal (121 KMS)

    In 1947, Double Track on mainline existed only on Karachi - Lodhran and Raiwind - Lahore sections. After lapse of fifty six years, the work of dualization of track was taken in hand in 2003. In the first phase, Doubling of Track from Lodhran to Khanewal via Multan 121 KM was commenced, which, after completion, was opened for traffic on 16/03/2007. Estimated cost of the project as per exiting PC-1 was Rs.3297.520 million, which included Rs. 2150.800 million (Local) and Rs. 1146.700 million (FEC). As per revised PC-1 cost of the project is Rs. 3678.500 million, which includes Rs. 2874.000 million (Local) and Rs. 804.500 million (FEC). An expenditure of Rs. 3074.000 million has been incurred up to November, 2013. Cumulative physical progress is almost 98%, which will become 100% after execution of the remodelling of Lodhran and Shershah yard, which will be completed along with the CBI system, which is going to be started shortly by the PD/Signal project.

  2. Doubling of Track on Khanewal-Raiwind Section (246 KMS)

    A PC-I amounting to Rs. 5.497 billion was approved by the ECNEC for Doubling of Track from Khanewal to Raiwind (246 Km) on 04-08-2005. The same was subsequently revised to Rs. 8.326 billion, on 12/11/2007. The work on this project was commenced during the financial year 2005-06. Section from Khanewal to Sahiwal (119 KM) has been completed and the same has been opened for traffic on 17/09/2011. Section from Raiwind to Bhoe Asal (22 KM) has been completed and the same has been opened for traffic on 12/09/2012. The work on remaining section is in progress and is expected to be completed by 31/05/2014. The completion cost of this project will be Rs. 12.617 billion, revised PC-I of which has been approval by ECNEC, in its meeting held on 26/05/2011.


    On completion of this project Karachi to Lahore will be connected with Doubling of track. Sectional capacity will increase from 18 to 34 trains daily. Journey time from Lahore to Karachi will reduced by one hour for mail/express trains and seven hours for freight trains.

  1. Doubling of Track on Shahdara Bagh-Lalamusa

    • Total Length: 126 Km
    • Total Cost: Rs. 13593 million
    • Foreign Exchange Components: Rs. 3342.200 million
    • Completion Period: 03 years
    • PC-1 approved in May-2011 from ECNEC
    • The work of Topographic Survey awarded to M/S PRACS has since been completed international tenders have been invited from International/National and consortium of firms for execution of complete project which is pended for the time being till further orders.

  2. Doubling of Track on Shahdara - Faisalabad

    • Total Length: 135 Km
    • Total Cost: Rs. 10280 million
    • Foreign Exchange Components: Rs. 3193.200 million
    • Completion Period: 03 years
    • PC-1 approved in May-2011 from ECNEC
    • The work of Topographic Survey awarded to M/S PRACS has since been completed. International tenders have been invited from International/National and consortium of firms for execution of complete project, but it has been proposed to be kept on the backburner for the time being.

  1. Doubling of Track from Lalamusa - Chaklala (including Realignment of Track from Kalowal to Pindora)

    • Total Length: 152 Km
    • Total Cost: Rs. 39111 million
    • Foreign Exchange Components: Rs.5469.800 million
    • Completion Period: 03 years
    • PC-I submitted to Planning Commission by Ministry of Railway Islamabad.

  2. Doubling of Track from Golra Sharif - Peshawar Cantt

    • Total Length: 160 Km
    • Total Cost: Rs. 29867 million
    • Foreign Exchange Components: Rs.12165 million
    • Completion Period: 03 years
    • PC-I submitted to Planning Commission by Ministry of Railway Islamabad.


The project for replacement of old and obsolete signal gear from Lodhran-Khanewal via Multan-Shahdara Bagh main line section of Pakistan Railways has been approved by ECNEC at a total cost of Rs. 10.720 billion with FEC Rs. 7.989 billion and is under execution. Islamic Development Bank is financing the project equal to US$ 140.000 million. Under this project. the Computer Based Interlocking shall be installed at 31 stations and Auto Block System at 433 Kms length. Automatic Train Protection (ATP) shall be provided in 160 locomotives on the section equipped with the system. The train shall stop automatically, in case, the Driver does not apply brake while approaching red signaL The modernized signalling system (CBI) will replace the existing out-lived signalling system. After completion of the project, the line capacity, efficiency, safety and punctuality of train shall be enhanced manifold. Successful implementation of the newly introduced system needs training abroad in Computer Based Interlocking (CBI), Cab-Signalling with Automatic Train Protection (ATP), Automatic Block System, Uninterrupted Power Supply, Battery, Optical Fiber/Signal Cables and Switching System etc. For this purpose adequate provision has been made in the contract agreement. For imparting training to Pakistani engineers and Technicians 32 man months have been earmarked.

Civil works on 13 stations & 22 L-Xings huts has completed and remaining work is in progress

    • Training simulator work at PRA/Walton completed.
    • System Engineering equal to 80% completed.
    • Equipment equal to 67% arrived and cleared from custom authorities.
    • Local and abroad training 14 man months completed.
    • Installation 8% completed and is in progress.
    • Demand notice for 3 phase electric connection on 13 station paid.
    • Procurement of 58+5 locomotives for installation of ATP and Cab-signalling, contract awarded to CSR .. ZI- Yang, China in factory premises of manufacturer.

Pakistan Railways owns 465 DE Locomotives, the status of the same is given as under:-

  • Total DE Locos : 465
  • In working including Passengers, Goods & Shunting/Departmental etc. : 190
  • Out of Service : 275
The average life of entire fleet (465 DE Locomotives) is 25 years against the economic life 20 years. The out of service DE Locomotives are held up for want of imported spares which could not be procured in the past due to financial constraints.

The following achievements and steps are being taken to repair/re-commissioning of the out of service DE Locomotives and procurement of new DE Locomotives plans.

  • Online availability of DE Locomotives have been increased up to 190 from 175 as compared to last year.
  • Availability of DE Locos for freight train operation has been enhanced to 20 Locos per day as compared to last year which was only 8 Locos per day.
  • 27 HGMU-30, DE Locomotives are being overhauled/rehabilitated and up-graded at the cost of Rs. 5,108.000 million through PSDP.
  • 150 Running/held up DE Locomotives are being special repaired to improve the availability and reliability at the cost of Rs. 5,005.031 million through PSDP.
  • PC-I for repair of 87 held up DE Locomotives amounting to Rs. 1,010.000 million has been prepared and under process.
  • PC-I for rehabilitation of 1015 traction motors of DE Locomotives amounting to Rs. 5,770.000 million has been prepared and sent to MOR/Islamabad and after approval forwarded to CDWP.
  • 50/58 new DE Locomotives (25/29 of 3000-3500 HP and 25/29 of 2000-2500 HP) are being procured from M/S CSR Ziyang. China trough PSDP.
  • Procurement of 150 new DE Locomotives (75 of 3000-3500 HP and 75 of 2000-2500 HP)in CBU condition at the cost of Rs. 55,488.000 million is under process. The international tender has been issued and opened on 11-06-2012. Letter of intent has been issued to the successful bidder but case is sub-judice.
  • Procurement of 75 New DE Locomotives at the cost of Rs. 12,700.000 million is under process through PSDP.
  • Pakistan Railways Telecommunication System comprises of Microwave, UHF, VHF & HF Radios, Telephone Exchanges Network, Train Control System, overhead wires along the Railway Track and Underground cable.
  • M/W Radio systems were installed in 1981-82 on main line from Rawalpindi to Karachi via Lahore-Faisalabad-Khanewal and on important branch lines i.e. Kotri-Dadu-Habib Kot-Jacobabad-Kashmor Colony-Kot Adu-Sher Shah & Wazirabad-Sangla Hill covering 2700 route kilometres.
  • Microwave Radio System having 960 channels capacity is working at 38 sites as backbone. UHF Radio System having 36 channels capacity is working at 230 stations, for station to station communication. VHF Radio System having 576 base stations & equipped on 460 locomotives provides communication between ASM & Train Drivers. HF Radio uses single channel for long distance and also for coded messages.
  • 20 Electronic & 01 Electro Mechanical type Exchanges are providing services to 3000 users on Pakistan Railways.
  1. Telephone Exchange No. Of Lines in use = 3000 Nos.
  2. Microwave Radio
    a). Sites = 38 Nos.
    b). Route Km covered = 1850 Km.
  3. UHF Radio
    a). Sites = 230 Nos.
    b). Route Km covered = 2700 Km.
  4. VHF Radio
    a). Base Station 576 Nos.
    b). Locomotive equipped with VHF Radio 460 Nos.
    c). Walkie talkie Radio Sets 1360 Nos.
    d). Route Km covered 6000 Km.
  5. Train Control System working on M.W.UHF Radio equipped with train consoles at Divisional Headquarters = 13 Nos.
  6. HF Radio between Divisional Headquarters And important stations for transmission of important and emergency messages = 46 Nos.
  7. Conventional type of equipment is working on Overhead/iron wires along the Railway Track. This system is old & obsolete = 2961 Km.
  8. Alternate routes of conventional control system are working on carrier channels hired from PTCL.
  9. Hotlines between Central Control, Headquarters Office, Lahore and Divisional Control Offices are in operation.

Due to financial constraints faced by Pakistan Railways achievements only up to the extent of the maintenance and operation of the existing Telecommunication System by cannibalizing of units/model were obtained to keep the system alive within the means available. However, in some divisions, solar panels have been introduced to cater the electricity demands and avoid the consequences of load shedding.

Replacement of EPABX with VolP Gateway at Lahore, Multan and Sukkur is included in the revised estimate of Lodhran-Shahdara Signalling Project. PC-I for Shahdara-LalaMusa, Shahdara-Faisalabad, Shahdara-Lodhran, Lodhran-Khanpur and Mirpur Matheio-Jalal Marri Sections for the replacement of old analogue system with latest optical fiber system has been sent for approval. More usage of solar energy to cater the electricity demands and avoid the consequences of load shedding.

  • Networking Methodology
    Pakistan Railways has LAN/WAN connectivity for implementation of MIS & IT developed applications at all important locations including Divisional Headquarters. The conductivity is based mostly on UTP cabling within the building. Forty locations of Pakistan Railways have been interlinked through PTCL optical fiber cross connect DXX circuits. The LAN of reservation offices have been connected with WAN cloud provided by PTCL. Internet facility has also been provided by using DSL connection of 4 Mbps bandwidth headquarters office, Lahore. This facility has also been extended to Lahore Workshop Division and Dry Port.
  1. Store Inventory System
    The computerized applications of Store Inventory and Accounting system of Pakistan Railways have been running in COBOL since long. This software application has now been planned to be revamped with the latest software, hardware and networking tools and techniques.
  2. Reservation & Ticketing System
    This project is operational at 52 locations of Pakistan Railways network. The automation has facilitated the public. Moreover it has also increased the revenue earning due to introduction of advance facility of return reservation. Other station will be coupled in the chain of computerization on the requirement of Commercial Department.
  3. Fare Management System
    This software has been designed to cater the need of Commercial Department for day to day change in the fare rates at a short notice. This product is implemented at IT Directorate. Now fare for all classes of all trains can be updated is as and when required by the Commercial Department.
  4. On Line Tracking System
    In order to locate the position of locomotives in real time Pakistan Railways has taken in hand the project of online tracking with the collaboration of EGD. This project will not only enhance the efficiency of Pakistan Railways but also help the management and staff dealing with the operational problems and constraints.
  5. Website
    Pakistan Railways website ( is available to public worldwide. The main features of the site includes:-
    • General Information about Railways
    • Tender Advertisement
    • Job Opportunities
    • Seat Availability
    • Time Table
    • Plan Your Journey
    • Public Notice
  6. Payroll
    At present the automated payroll is being used for employees of Pakistan Railways. Payroll System since its development has been generating monthly pay slips and reports from the Railways Headquarters Office, Lahore and divisional headquarters.
  7. Statistical System
    The software developed by this Directorate has been deployed in the Statistical Section, it compile figures of revenue/earnings, transaction data and producing reports as per requirement of the management.
  8. Video Conferencing System
    Remote conferencing to one or more specific sites with the ability to send and receive both visual and audio live has been deployed at Headquarters Office, Lahore where principle officers may participate and share their ideas mutually in real time. This facility has been extended to Ministry of Railways. This project leads to idea of virtual office, which is latest technology in office automation.
  9. Help Desk
    Directorate of IT in Pakistan Railways is providing help desk to its users in Headquarters Office and Divisional Offices. It provides the users a central point to receive help on various computer issues. The help desk typically manages its requests and allocates the resources accordingly. It is offering specialist advice to railway department who have problems, especially with computer equipment or system.
  10. General Provident Fund (GPF)
    The software of GPF has successfully been developed by IT Directorate and deployed in GPF Department in Headquarters Office, Lahore. The further enhancements as per user's requirement are in progress.
  11. Inventory Visibility System (Web-Based)
    The software has been developed and deployed all over the Railways network. This system facilitates the Railway employees to view stock available at different stores and petty stores. It has enhanced and improved the Railways working over different projects and day to day maintenance by rapid accessibility/visibility of available stock.
  12. SMS Alerts
    SMS alerts for late running trains, Directorate of Information Technology has developed this system in house and implemented at central control offices. It informs the Railways passengers about late running trains to avoid haste and precious time of passengers by giving SMS Alerts. This system can also be used for Railway marketing and promotion
  1. Automation of Revenue System
    The automation of the Revenue Department is in final stages. At present all major modules have been deployed in the user premises on trial basis. The development work on the rest of automation is in progress and after full implementation; project would facilitate management in efficient decision making.
  2. Up Gradation of Reservation & Ticketing System
    The system software has to be redesigned and redeveloped keeping in view the latest technology including secured security features. The redeveloped software will be web based, which will easily be accessed from any part of the country. Project will be segregated into the following phases.
    The software at existing Computerized Reservation Sites will be replaced with the newly developed software.
    All the Reservation Sites including booking in stations will be automated division wise, later on. The scope of this system is to develop ticketing system which will
    • Provide ticketing facility through internet
    • Provide online facility to book the passengers and other information regarding PR to improve Railway image to the public
    • Implement of report centre which prints daily, monthly summary and other MIS reports which will help for decision making
    • Leverage the power Information Technology to enhance system delivery to the passengers.
  3. Time and Attendance System
    Time and Attendance Management System (TAMS) will manage the human resource for Pakistan Railways (PR). This system will keep track the personnel information of railways employees along with time management and record keeping. TAMS will also provide the powerful reporting capabilities.
    TAMS will be generic enough to handle the requirements of almost every department of PR.
    TAMS will use electronic tags, barcode badges, magnetic stripe cards, biometrics (hand, fingerprint, or facial) and touch screen in place of paper cards which employee touch or wipe the identity themselves and records their working hours as they enter or leave the work area. The recorded information is then ideally automatically transferred to a computer for processing of data to be transferred through wireless or LAN. The system would be capable of performing all necessary calculations in order to generate Employee timesheets, which would be used for preparation of pay & wages besides following.
    • Automatic time IN & OUT of each employee using Magnetic strip Reader or
    • Hand geometric machine
    • Independent Magnetic Strip/RFID card of each employee
    • Basic employee personal Info, Designation, Department
    • Real Time personnel record updating
    • Shift Management
    Profound automated system reduces the risk of errors that are common in a manual system, and allows the workforce to be more productive instead of wasting time on tedious administrative tasks. Initially this project would implemented on Workshop at 6 points, 4 points at Headquarter office, Lahore and 2 points at Lahore Divisional Office only in first phase and later on it would extended over other railway premises in second phase. Articles of trade such as carpets, bales of cloth, boxes/cartons of cigarettes, medicines, or any other article of commercial value which is intended to be sold during the journey or at destination.